What is the legal term for hiding information?

What is the legal term for hiding information?

Spoliation. Spoliation of evidence is the intentional, reckless, or negligent withholding, hiding, altering, fabricating, or destroying of evidence relevant to a legal proceeding.

What does stipulated mean in legal terms?

1) An agreement between the parties to a lawsuit. For example, if the parties enter into a stipulation of facts, neither party will have to prove those facts: The stipulation will be presented to the jury, who will be told to accept them as undisputed evidence in the case.

Can you sue for someone lying?

Written defamation is called “libel,” while spoken defamation is called “slander.” Defamation is not a crime, but it is a “tort” (a civil wrong, rather than a criminal wrong). A person who has been defamed can sue the person who did the defaming for damages.

What is unredacted mean?

[ uhn-ri-dak-tid ] SHOW IPA. / ˌən rɪˈdæk tɪd / PHONETIC RESPELLING. adjective. (of a document) with confidential or sensitive information included or visible:We compared the redacted and unredacted versions; the vast majority of the deletions refer to staff memoranda, notes, and conclusions.

What is natural elements in law?

Natural elements or those that are presumed to exist in certain contracts unless the contrary is expressed stipulated by the parties. 3. Accidental elements or the particular stipulations clauses, terms, or conditions establish by the parties in their contracts. 5.

Which best defines stipulations?

The definition of a stipulation is a condition or term in an agreement, or the act of creating conditions and terms. An example of a stipulation is a clause in a contract promising a certain amount of money for extra labor performed. The act of stipulating.

Is there a universally accepted definition of lying?

Traditional Definition of Lying There is no universally accepted definition of lying to others. The dictionary definition of lying is “to make a false statement with the intention to deceive” ( OED 1989) but there are numerous problems with this definition.

Where does the word stipulate come from in law?

Verb. Like many terms used in the legal profession, “stipulate” has its roots in Latin. It derives from “stipulatus,” the past participle of “stipulari,” a verb meaning “to demand a guarantee (as from a prospective debtor).”.

What are the conditions for a person to lie?

According to L1, there are at least four necessary conditions for lying. First, lying requires that a person make a statement (statement condition). Second, lying requires that the person believe the statement to be false; that is, lying requires that the statement be untruthful (untruthfulness condition).

Can a person lie by omitting to make a statement?

According to the statement condition, it is not possible to lie by omitting to make a statement (Mahon 2003; Griffiths 2004, 33). So-called ‘lies of omission’ (or ‘passive lying’ (Opie 1825)) are not lies (Douglas 1976, 59; Dynel 2011, 154).