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Why TCP uses 3 way handshake?

Why TCP uses 3 way handshake?

A three-way handshake is primarily used to create a TCP socket connection to reliably transmit data between devices. As soon as a client requests a communication session with the server, a three-way handshake process initiates TCP traffic by following three steps.

Why is TCP handshake important?

According to RFC 793, Transmission Control Protocol: “The principle reason for the three-way handshake is to prevent old duplicate connection initiations from causing confusion.”

What happens 3 way handshake?

This handshaking technique is referred to as TCP Three-way handshake or SYN, SYN-ACK, ACK. After the Three-way handshake, the connection is open and the participant computers start sending data using the agreed sequence and acknowledge numbers.

Is TCP 3 way handshake encrypted?

In the classical TCP, the opening phase of TCP connection establishment uses a three-way handshake to negotiate the initial sequence number for each direction. In the Secure TCP, this phase also handles negotiations of the method of TCP segment encryption and encryption key exchanges.

What is 2 way handshake and 3 way handshake?

Like two-way handshaking, three-way handshaking also establishes connections between two parties using SYN and ACK messages. However, besides providing their sequence numbers, the server and client acknowledge the sequence numbers from each other.

Why does TCP use 4-way handshake?

In connection Termination : it takes four segments to terminate a connection since a FIN and an ACK are required in each direction. This causes its TCP to send a FIN.

What is the 4-way handshake?

A four-way handshake is a type of network authentication protocol established by IEEE-802.11i that involves standards set up for the construction and use of wireless local area networks (WLANs). The four-way handshake provides a secure authentication strategy for data delivered through network architectures.

How is the 3 way handshake used in TCP?

The 3-Way handshake is used to indicate to the peer the Initial Sequence Number (ISN), this is done by setting Synchronize (SYN) flag. Each peer sends out its supported options, only those options that are common to both will be used during the conversation.

What causes a three way handshake to occur?

They can also occur if the two connections have become desynchronised because of a system crash. This connection is automatically reset if data is sent in either direction. This is because the sequence numbers will be incorrect, otherwise the connection will time-out.

What does fin mean in TCP handshake process?

If ACK is 1, the device has received the SYN message and acknowledges it, else not. FIN Flag: FIN stands for Finished. After the data transmission has been completed, devices have to terminate the connection using the FIN flag. If FIN is 1, the device wants to terminate the connection, else not.

What should the RTO be for a 3 way handshake?

The Initial RTO is set to 3000ms or 3secs. So, in essence during the 3-Way Handshake, when the SYN packets are sent an RTO of 3000ms is used. If a response is not received for the SYN, the sender will retransmit the SYN packet after the RTO expires and double the time.