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How many West Papuans have been killed by Indonesian?

How many West Papuans have been killed by Indonesian?

500,000 Papuans
Indonesia has controlled West Papua since invading in 1963 and formalising its annexation through the controversial, UN approved, ‘Act of Free Choice’. Security forces are accused of severe human rights violations during the occupation with an estimated 500,000 Papuans killed.

Who Controls West Papua?

West Papua is the second-least populous province in Indonesia, with a population of 1,134,068 at the 2020 Census. After the Japanese surrender, the Dutch remained in New Guinea until 1962 when they transferred the control of the region to Indonesian government as a part of the New York Agreement.

Why was PNG splits from Indonesia?

The two landmasses became separated when the area now known as the Torres Strait flooded after the end of the last glacial period. Anthropologically, New Guinea is considered part of Melanesia.

When did West Papua become part of Indonesia?

The region was incorporated into the Indonesian republic in the 1960s. Following the 1998 commencement of reforms across Indonesia, Papua and other Indonesian provinces received greater regional autonomy. In 2001, “Special Autonomy” status was granted to the region, although to date, implementation has been partial.

Is West Papua safe to travel?

We advise against all tourist and other non-essential travel to Papua and West Papua provinces. The security situation remains unpredictable and there is a risk of kidnapping. Political tensions associated with anti-government groups and local rivalries can lead to violent clashes.

Is West Papua safe?

But they are generally referred to together as West Papua. There is a pro-independence movement across Papua, especially in the highlands, and the police and military frequently crack down on separatists. But the coastal areas, including Raja Ampat, is politically stable and safe.

What language do they speak in West Papua?

The best known “West Papuan” language is Ternate (50,000 native speakers) of the island of the same name, which is a regional lingua franca and which, along with neighboring Tidore, were the languages of the rival medieval Ternate and Tidore sultanates, famous for their role in the spice trade.

Is Papua Indonesia expensive?

How expensive is travel in Papua? Compared to the rest of Indonesia, Papua can seem shockingly expensive! Prices for even basic food and accommodation can easily be at least two or three times higher than in Sumatra, Java or Bali.

Can I go to West Papua?

It’s impossible to fly into West Papua via another country, with the sole exception of recent flights from Mount Hagen in Papua New Guinea. Your main flights will be found in Jakarta, Makassar, Ambon and Bali, though flights do occur from other airports around Indonesia.

How do you say hello in Papua New Guinea?


  1. The general customary greeting is to shake hands and to ask “yuorait” – “How are you?”
  2. People commonly clasp hands with one another to greet or grasp each other around the hips.
  3. A nod of acknowledgement may also suffice.

Why is there a conflict in West Papua?

The West Papuan territorial conflict stems from Indonesia’s incorporation of the territory in its post-colonial era. West Papuans refute the 1969 ‘Act of Free Choice’ that proclaimed West Papua as Indeonesian territory.

Where is West Papua located in the world?

Located on the Western half of the island of New Guinea, West Papua is a militarized territory and the site of a long-term conflict between Indonesia and indigenous Melanesian Papuan peoples seeking self-determination.

How many people have died in West Papua?

Deadly violence has escalated in West Papua following the shooting deaths of up to 31 construction workers in a central district of the region and the reported killing of an Indonesian investigator.

How many people were arrested in West Papua?

On 1 December protests across the region raised the Morning Star flag – illegal in West Papua. West Papuan activists claimed Indonesian authorities arrested almost 600 protesters, including 105 in West Papua and around 450 in Indonesia, including 233 in Surabaya. All have been released.