What does the 5th and 14th amendment do?

What does the 5th and 14th amendment do?

The Constitution uses the phrase in the 5th and 14th Amendments, declaring that the government shall not deprive anyone of “life, liberty, or property, without due process of law…” The 5th Amendment protects people from actions of the federal government, and the 14th protects them from actions by state and local …

What did the 14th amendment do Summary?

Passed by the Senate on June 8, 1866, and ratified two years later, on July 9, 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to all persons “born or naturalized in the United States,” including formerly enslaved people, and provided all citizens with “equal protection under the laws,” extending the provisions of …

Why is the 14 amendment important today?

It was ratified in 1868 in order to protect the civil rights of freed slaves after the Civil War. It has proven to be an important and controversial amendment addressing such issues as the rights of citizens, equal protection under the law, due process, and the requirements of the states.

What are facts about the 14th Amendment?

The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former slaves—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and establish civil and legal rights for black

What is the actual text of the 14th Amendment?

Fourteenth Amendment, amendment (1868) to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal civil and legal rights to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated after the American Civil War, including them under the umbrella phrase “all persons born or naturalized in the United States.” In all, the amendment

What are the clauses of the 14th Amendment?

14th Amendment protects rights of minorities. The 14th Amendment has three important clauses: the Citizenship Clause, Due Process Clause, and Equal Protection Clause.

What is the cause of the 14th Amendment?

The cause for creating the 14th Amendment was to secure national citizenship rights for 4 million free Black people, who were victims under Black Codes passed by Southern states after the ratification of the 13th Amendment ending slavery.