What determines the sequence of authors in a publication?
The author who most substantially worked on the draft article and the underlying research becomes the first author. The others are ranked in descending order of contribution.
How do you calculate co authorship?
If you are a named co-author, this means that you: Have drafted or written, or substantially revised or critically reviewed the article. Have agreed on the journal to which the article will be submitted.
Who gets authorship in a paper?
These rules state that to be listed as an author, each researcher must meet three key criteria: they must have been involved in designing the project, collecting data or analysing the results; they must have participated in drafting or revising the manuscript; and they must have approved the final, published paper.
What is honorary authorship?
Honorary authorship refers to those who are named as authors merely because they hold senior positions within the service or facility where the research occurred, and may have helped secure funding.
Is Ghost authorship unethical?
There are important ethical issues to understand with both honorary and ghost authorship. Ghost authorship is likewise problematic and unethical, as it does not provide credit where credit is due and can be used to manipulate the data and findings.
What is Ghost authorship?
A ghost author is a person who has made a substantial contribution to the research or writing of a manuscript but is not named as an author [2–4]. Those who make small contributions that would not qualify them as an author should be listed in the acknowledgements with the extent of their contribution clearly stated.
Can there be multiple first authors?
Shared co-first authorship is defined as two or more authors who have worked together on a publication and contributed equally . For instance, Gastroenterology acknowledges up to two co-first authors by bolding their names in the reference section but not in the body of the manuscript .
What does it mean to be the last author?
As one’s career progresses, being last author and author for correspondence signals that this is a paper from one’s Unit, he/she is the main person responsible for its contents, and a younger colleague has made major contributions to the paper, hence he/she is designated as the first author.
What does senior author mean?
A senior author may be the head of a research group, laboratory, or department under which the project was conducted, and/or the mentor or advisor to students or more junior scientists with a more direct role in executing the project.
Does second author matter?
Second author is the second main person who contributes mainly to experiments and manuscript writing. Somewhat less in percentage to first author. Even Second place as an authorship displays significant weightage in your research career. So do count on every contribution.
Who is more important first author or corresponding author?
This is a common doubt, especially at the beginning of a researcher’s career, but easy to explain: fundamentally, a corresponding author takes the lead in the manuscript submission for publication process, whereas the first author is actually the one who did the research and wrote the manuscript.
What is the difference between author and coauthor?
As nouns the difference between author and coauthor is that author is the originator or creator of a work, especially of a literary composition while coauthor is an author who collaborates with another to write something.
How important is first authorship?
students were to work on the same project for their degree. For post-doctoral researchers and senior professors, publishing first-authored papers is important for receiving funding and getting promoted or re-hired. Thus, the first name in an author list is the most sought-after position in a scientific publication.
How many first authors can a paper have?
Sometimes papers have multiple first authors, in the sense that it is stated explicitly in the paper that “These authors have contributed equally to the work”. But in citations and reference lists this information is often not preserved, and so the paper will, for many purposes, only have one first author.
Who should be authors on scientific paper?
Authorship of a scientific or scholarly paper should be limited to those individuals who have contributed in a meaningful and substantive way to its intellectual content.
Can a PhD student be corresponding author?
The PhD student or post-doc who did the major research is always named in first place (first author). Only their supervisor can be the corresponding author, because he / she provides the topic of the PhD research as well as the lab and facilities.
How do you mention a corresponding author in a paper?
The first author should be the person who made a major contribution to the work, followed by the second and third. The corresponding author should be marked with an asterisk after the name, and be written corresponding author’s e-mail below the first page of manuscript.
What is corresponding author in a paper?
A corresponding author is the individual who, when working on a paper with multiple authors, takes primary responsibility for communicating with the journal you intend to publish in.