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What are the first 10 hydrocarbons?

What are the first 10 hydrocarbons?

Terms in this set (10)

  • methane. CH₄
  • ethane. C₂H₆
  • propane. C₃H₈
  • butane. C₄H₁₀
  • pentane. C₅H₁₂
  • hexane. C₆H₁₄
  • heptane. C₇H₁₆
  • octane. C₈H₁₈

What are the first 12 alkanes?

Table: Structural Formulas of the First Ten Continuous-chain Alkanes

Name Molecular Formula Structural Formula
Ethane C2H6 CH3CH3
Propane C3H8 CH3CH2CH3
Butane C4H10 CH3CH2CH2CH3
Pentane C5H12 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3

How do you remember the first 4 alkanes?

Mnemonic Device: My Enormous Penguin Bounces Pretty High, Helping Old No-named Donkeys Explanation: to remember these alkanes in organic chemistry Methane, Ethane, Propane, Butane, Pentane, Hexane, Heptane, Octane, Nonane, Read More…

How do you remember the first five alkanes?

Where do the names of alkanes come from?

Each carbon atom participates in 4 chemical bonds. Every hydrogen is joined to a carbon. The first four names come from the names methanol, ether, propionic acid, and butyric acid. Alkanes that have 5 or more carbons are named using prefixes that indicate ​the number of carbons.

What is the formula for straight chain alkanes?

Straight-chain alkanes have the formula CnH2n+2 Carbons are sp3 hybridized

Which is the formula for alkanes saturated hydrocarbons?

22.1 Alkanes: Saturated Hydrocarbons A. Straight-chain Hydrocarbons 1. Straight-chain alkanes have the formula CnH2n+2 2. Carbons are sp3 hybridized The First 10 Alkanes # of Carbons Name Formula (CnH2n+2) 1 Methane CH 4 2 Ethane C 2H 6 3 Propane C 3H 8 4 Butane C 4H 10 5 Pentane C 5H 12 6 Hexane C 6H 14 7 Heptane C 7H 16 8 Octane C 8H 18 9

What are the physical properties of the alkane methane?

Read about Physical Properties of Alkanes Group. The simple alkane methane contains one carbon atom and CH 4 as its molecular formula. In a long chain alkane molecule, additional carbon atoms are attached to each other with the help of a single covalent bond.