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What is directly observed treatment DOT for TB?

What is directly observed treatment DOT for TB?

What is DOT? DOT means that a trained health care worker or other designated individual (excluding a family member) provides the prescribed TB drugs and watches the patient swallow every dose.

What is directly observed therapy dot and why is it used?

A method of drug administration in which a health care professional watches as a person takes each dose of a medication. Directly observed therapy (DOT) is used to ensure the person receives and takes all medications as prescribed and to monitor response to treatment.

What is electronic Directly Observed Therapy?

The state will offer electronic directly observed therapy (eDOT) to patients receiving treatment for suspected or confirmed TB disease who meet enrollment criteria. eDOT is an alternative method of ensuring that patients adhere to treatment. Patients may choose in-person DOT, eDOT, or a combination.

What practice is sometimes used to ensure that patients take all of their tuberculosis medication?

DOT is one strategy to ensure that patients with TB take all their medication. An ‘observer’ acceptable to the patient and the health system observes the patient taking every dose of their medication, and records this for the health system to monitor.

What is Genexpert test for TB?

Introduction: Gene-Xpert, a CBNAAT (catridge based nucleic acid amplification test) is a widely accepted diagnostic test for Tuberculosis. This test is a rapid diagnostic test for Tuberculosis detection as well as Rifampicin resistance in direct smear negative cases.

What are the five main components of dots?

Directly Observed Therapy Shortcourse (DOTS) is composed of five distinct elements: political commitment; microscopy services; drug supplies; surveillance and monitoring systems and use of highly efficacious regimens; and direct observation of treatment.

What is directly observed?

Directly Observed Therapy (DOT) is a specific strategy, endorsed by the World Health Organization, to improve adherence by requiring health workers, community volunteers or family members to observe and record patients taking each dose.

Why is DOT used for TB patients?

What is Directly Observed Therapy? clients swallow each dose of anti-TB medication. DOT has been shown to reduce the risk of drug resistance and to provide better treatment completion rates (Canadian Tuberculosis Standards 6th Edition, 2007).

What site of the body is most common site for TB disease?

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by germs that are spread from person to person through the air. TB usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the brain, the kidneys, or the spine.

Why combination therapy is used in tuberculosis?

Treating a tuberculosis patient with a monotherapy of rifampicin rapidly leads to resistance to the drug even if it is given for short periods only. In combination drugs, the presence of isoniazid reduces the probability for the survival of rifampicin-resistant mutants.

How do you monitor TB treatment?

Monitoring response to treatment is done through regular history taking, physical examination, chest radiograph and laboratory monitoring. The classic symptoms of TB – cough, sputum production, fever and weight loss – generally improve within the first few weeks.

What is Gene Xpert?

What antibiotics are used to treat tuberculosis?

(verify) Isoniazid, also known as isonicotinylhydrazide (INH), is an antibiotic used for the treatment of tuberculosis. For active tuberculosis it is often used together with rifampicin , pyrazinamide , and either streptomycin or ethambutol.

What is the prognosis for tuberculosis?

Prognosis of people with untreated TB is far worse than those, who seek treatment. Estimates show that about 50 percent of people with untreated TB die within 5 years. Relapse: In some people, TB bacilli are not completely eradicated even after completion of therapy (correct medications for the recommended duration).

What drugs cause tuberculosis?

Multidrug-Resistant TB (MDR TB) Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB) is caused by an organism that is resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampin, the two most potent TB drugs.

What is the medication for tuberculosis?

Active tuberculosis, particularly if it’s a drug-resistant strain, will require several drugs at once The most common medications used to treat tuberculosis include: Isoniazid. Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane) Ethambutol (Myambutol) Pyrazinamide.