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How do you classify lung disease?

How do you classify lung disease?

The most common lung diseases include:

  1. Asthma.
  2. Collapse of part or all of the lung (pneumothorax or atelectasis)
  3. Swelling and inflammation in the main passages (bronchial tubes) that carry air to the lungs (bronchitis)
  4. COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
  5. Lung cancer.
  6. Lung infection (pneumonia)

What is UIP pattern?

Usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) is a histopathologic and radiologic pattern of interstitial lung disease, which is the hallmark pattern for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).

What autoimmune diseases cause lung problems?

Autoimmune ILD is caused specifically by autoimmune disorders, which involve the body’s own immune system attacking the lungs….They can include the following:

  • Dermatomyositis.
  • Lupus.
  • Mixed connective tissue disease.
  • Polymyositis.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Sarcoidosis.
  • Scleroderma.
  • Sjogren’s syndrome.

What is end stage interstitial lung disease?

In the end stage of chronic interstitial lung disease, respiratory failure occurs when severely low blood oxygen levels along with rising pressures in the pulmonary arteries and the right ventricle cause heart failure.

What does increased interstitial lung markings indicate?

Your radiologist has correctly reported that increased interstitial lung markings may indicate some old inflammation or early IPF. But the good thing is that you have no symptoms and you are not a smoker. Just because you have certain findings on hrct lungs, does not mean that you are suffering from the disease as clinical correlation is required.

What is ground-glass interstitial disease of the lung?

Ground glass infiltrates are usually a sign of inflammation. This can be caused by infections or by interstitial lung disease. Patients who are smokers are susceptible to a form of interstitial lung disease called “desquamative interstitial pneumonitis” that can have ground glass infiltrates.

What is interstitial lung disorder?

Interstitial lung disease (ILD), or diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD), is a group of lung diseases affecting the interstitium (the tissue and space around the alveoli (air sacs of the lungs). It concerns alveolar epithelium, pulmonary capillary endothelium, basement membrane, and perivascular and perilymphatic tissues.

What does increased interstitial markings mean?

Now, sometimes during various conditions and illnesses, the Interstitium can thicken making it more visible on X-rays and CT Scan. An increase of markings would indicate an encounter with a disease process producing more visible marks (or scars) than previously existed.