What is a COXA Valga deformity?

What is a COXA Valga deformity?

Coxa valga (KAHKS-uh VAL-guh) is a deformity of the femur, the upper thighbone that sits in the socket of the hip. hip deformity in which the angle between the shaft of the thighbone (femur) and the top of the thighbone is too great.

Is COXA Valga normal?

Coxa valga occurs when the angle formed between the neck of the femur and its shaft (also known as the caput-collum-diaphyseal (CCD) angle or the femoral angle of inclination) is increased beyond >140º. Normal is between 125-135º in adults, but can be 20-25º greater at birth and 10º greater in children.

What is COXA Valga a symptom of?

Dysplastic coxarthrosis, or Coxa Valga, is a disease that is characterized by degenerative changes in the hip joints. The disease is a consequence of a congenital joint pathology, dysplasia.

Is COXA Valga a hip dysplasia?

Coxa valga leads to acetabular dysplasia. Furthermore, the location of the greater trochanter on an anteverted femur promotes hip dysplasia. Acetabular dysplasia and femoral anteversion are usually associated with one another.

Is COXA Valga hereditary?

Coxa valga is a common clinical feature of hereditary multiple exostoses (HME). The current study aimed to determine the unique developmental pattern of the hip in patients with HME and evaluate the factors that influence its progression.

What is the difference between varus and valgus?

Whenever the distal part is more lateral, it is called valgus. Whenever the distal part is more medial, it is called varus. Therefore, when the apex of a joint points medially, the deformity, if any, would be called valgus, as the distal part points laterally.

How do you test for COXA Vara?

Coxa vara usually presents with a limp, a leg length difference, and limited ability to bring the thigh out to the side. X-rays are used to diagnose coxa vara. Depending on what caused the condition and how severe the deformity, reconstructive surgery may be needed to improve the hip alignment and biomechanics.

What causes coxa vara?

The most common cause of coxa vara is either congenital or developmental. Other common causes include metabolic bone diseases (e.g. Paget’s disease of bone), post-Perthes deformity, osteomyelitis, and post traumatic (due to improper healing of a fracture between the greater and lesser trochanter).

What is varus vs valgus?

Is coxa vara a disability?

Epiphyseal coxa vara is not a common condition, yet it is probably the most frequent cause of disability in the hip, which begins in the adolescent period.